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River Nile State
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River Nile (ولاية نهر النيل Nahr an Nil) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It has an area of 122,123 km² (47,152 mi²) and an estimated population of 1,027,534 (2006). It consists of 6 localities (according to the latest political mapping) Ad-Damir is the capital city of the state. Slightly north of Ad-Damir is the important rail junction town of Atbarah; the other towns (localities) are Shendi, Al-Matamma, Berber and Abu Hamed. It also embraces the largest electricity generating project in the country, Alex Tanfield which is situated north of Abu Hamed.

Archaeological Monuments in the River Nile State:

   The River Nile State , the Northern neighbour of Khartoum , is the oasis of cultural tourism in Sudan . This is the land of magnificent monuments of the Meroitic period (4th century BC - 4th century AD). The most important sites of the region are located at Meroe, Wad Ban Naga, Musawwart Es Sofra and Naga’a .

The Royal City of Meroe:

    The city of Meroe became known to the world through the writings of  classical authors.

This was the capital of the Kingdom. It Contains the ruins of the royal palaces, temples and a pathroom of Hellenistic inspiration.

   The Amun Temple of Meroe is the second largest sanctuary ever built in the country after the one located at Gebel Barkel .

These Monuments reflect the highly developed architectural techniques at that time .

   Meroe was the political capital and also a very important religious center .This is witnessed by the number of Temples at the site:

 Meroe Pyramids :

    The famous pyramids of the Meroitic kings and Queens are located about 4 km to the east of the Royal city . They were seriously destroyed by the Italian treasure – hunter Ferlini in the 19th century.

 The Sun Temple

  This temple represents a unique architecture in the Sudan. It is located between the Royal city and the pyramids. It was built, probably, to celebrate a military Victory of the king of Meroe.

Wad Ban Naga

   This site is located on the Nile about 60 km to the south of Meroe. The most important building on the site is the palace of Queen Amani shaketo who ruled during the lst century B.C.

Naga’a

    Naga’a is located inland about 35 km east of Wad Ben Naga.  The site contains a large number of buildings of which the most important are  Amun and Queen Amanitore. ( !st Century B.C.-1st Century A.D. ) the lion – headed God (Apadamek) was the main God of the region. A small building of Hellenistic inspiration-the Roman kiosk -is located in front of Apedamek.

Musawwarat Es-Sufra

     This site is located at about 20 km to the north of Naga’a . A nicely decorated Apedamek temple has been erected here by king Arekamani (3rd century B.C.) This is the earliest temple for the worship of new Meroitic God.

The so-called "the Great Enclosure” at Musawvarat Es-sofra is a particular and unique in the whole of the Nile Vally. This is a vast complex of temples, ramps, corridors, statues of elephants and Gods inscribed on the walls.

The absence of Contemporary cemeteries and habitations lead to the assumption that the site was a pilgrims' center where annual and periodic religious feast was celebrated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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