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Darfur State
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North Darfur (Arabic: شمال دارفور‎; transliterated: Shamal Darfor) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It is one of the three states composing the Durfar region. It has an area of 296,420 km² and an estimated population of approximately 1,583,000 (2006). Al-Fashir is the capital of the state. Other significant towns include Ailliet,[1][2] Kebkabiya,[3][4] Kutum, Mellit (Malit),[5][4] Tawilah[6] and Umm Kadadah.[7][4]

 

Geography

North Darfur occupies more than half of the territory of the Darfur region, and includes part of the Marrah Mountains {Jebel Marra). The northern part is entirely desert. To the south there is slightly more rainfall with the eastern side being plains with low sandy hills, while the volcanic Marrah Mountains occupy most of the western side of the south. In the southern portion the most important crops are millet, maize and peanuts.[4]

North Darfur is bounded on the northwest by Libya, on the north by Northern State, on the east by Northern State and North Kurdufan, on the southeast by South Kurdufan, on the south by South Darfur, and on the west by West Darfur and the Republic of Chad.

History

North Darfur shares much of the history of Darfur. It was the center of the Sultanate of Darfur and contained both its capital al-Fashir and its biggest trading city Kobbei.

South Darfur (Arabic: جنوب دارفور‎; transliterated: Janob Darfor) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It is one of the three states that compose the region of Darfur in western Sudan. It has an area of 127,300 square kilometres (49,200 sq mi) and an estimated population of approximately 2,890,000 (2006). Nyala is the capital of the state.

South Darfur shares the history of Darfur.

West Darfur (Arabic: غرب دارفور‎; transliterated: Gharb Darfor) is one of the 26 states of Sudan, and one of three comprising the Darfur region. It has an area of 79,460 km² and an estimated population of approximately 1,007,000 (2006). It borders North and South Darfur to the east. The Chadian prefectures of Biltine and Ouaddaï lie to the west, while to the north is the prefecture of Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti. Al-Junaynah is the capital of the state. West Darfur has been the site of much of the ongoing Darfur conflict.

 


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